CMT Seminar: Probing quantum systems through adiabatic dynamics

Friday, February 11, 2011 – 1:30pm
Reiss 261A
Claudia De Grandi
Boston University

We analyze the response of a quantum system when perturbed from its quantum critical point. In particular we consider the case of quenches with arbitrary power law dependence on time of the tuning parameter. Using adiabatic perturbation theory we find the scaling behavior of several observables with the quench amplitude and the system size. We show that the universal scalings of those observables, as the excitation probability, the density of excited quasiparticles, the heat and the entropy, can be understood through the singularities at the critical point of some adiabatic susceptibilities, which are defined as a simple generalization of the fidelity susceptibility. We specify those results to the case of the sine-Gordon model, showing its connections to experimental realizations with cold atoms in one-dimension. In particular we discuss the relevance of these findings for the choice of the optimal protocol to load atoms in optical lattices.

Host: Marcos Rigol